Volume 7, Issue 2 (9-2016)                   ejgcst 2016, 7(2): 179-192 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ejgcst.7.2.179

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Morad S, Besharati H, Faizi-Asl V, Sheikhi J. Change in morphological properties of root and aerial parts of chickpea under drought stress, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and rhizobium treatments. ejgcst. 2016; 7 (2) :179-192
URL: http://ejgcst.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1191-en.html

Dept. of Agric., Payam-e-Noor Univ., Tehran, I.R. IRAN
Abstract:   (1748 Views)

To evaluate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus mosseae and Glomus intraradices) and Mesorhizobium Ciceri bacteria at three soil moisture levels [28% (field capacity, FC), 15% (-5 bar suction) and 9% (-10 bar tension) by weight] on morphological properties of root and aerial parts of chickpea, a greenhouse factorial experiment, arranged as a complete randomized design, was conducted in a sterilized soil. Results showed that moisture treatment had significance effect on number of pods, number of seeds, fresh and dry weight of root and aerial parts, plant height and root length and volume. Application of Mesorhizobium was effective on number of nodes, number of pods, number of seeds, fresh and dry weight of root and aerial parts, plant height, root length and volume. Glomus mosseae had significant effect on plant height. Interaction of moisture and AM fungi was significant on fresh and dry weight of root and aerial parts. Interaction effect of Mesorhizobium and soil moisture was only significant on number of nodes. In general, the highest fresh and dry weight of aerial parts (44.6 and 10.53 grams, respectively) was obtained by inoculation of chickpea by rhizobium bacteria and Glomus mosseae at FC moisture level, and AM fungi Glomus mosseae was more efficient compared to Glomus intraradices in both drought stress and without stress conditions.

Full-Text [PDF 19 kb]   (464 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Ornamental and Medicinal Crop Production
Received: 2016/09/4 | Accepted: 2016/09/4 | Published: 2016/09/4

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