Volume 9, Issue 1 (6-2018)                   ejgcst 2018, 9(1): 25-39 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghasemi H, Amiri Fahliani R, Kavoosi B, Dehdari M. Response of some strawberry (Fragaria ananssa Duch. ) cultivars to deficit irrigation regarding leaf area and some quantitative and qualitative characteristics of fruit . ejgcst. 2018; 9 (1) :25-39
URL: http://ejgcst.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1152-en.html
Dept. of Agron. and Plant Breed., Faculty of Agric., Yasouj Univ., Yasouj, Iran.
Abstract:   (916 Views)

In order to identify drought tolerant strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) cultivars and investigate some of their morphological, quantitative and qualitative characteristics, a research was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications under greenhouse conditions. Deficit irrigation stress was considered as the main plot factor at 4 levels (control (0), 20, 40 and 60 percent) and subplot factor was cultivar at 6 levels (Kurdistan, Camarosa, Merak, Paros, Queen Eliza and Selva). Leaf area showed a 41.42% reduction, and number of flowers and fruits showed 90% reduction in 60% stress treatment in comparison to the control. Total soluble solids (TSS) showed an increasing trend up to 40% stress severity. As stress increased, titrable acidity (TA) showed a decreasing trend. A high heritability was observed for number of flowers and fruits, fruit weight and TSS. Considering the three-dimensional plot of STI,  and , the Kurdistan and Camarosa cultivars were identified as the most suitable cultivars in both deficit irrigation stress and non-stress conditions. So, these cultivars could be used in breeding programs in order to increase drought tolerance. According to the responses of cultivars to deficit-water stress, more leaf area, number of flowers, number of fruits number, fruit weight, and TSS, and lower TA are introduced as the selection criteria for drought tolerant strawberry cultivars.

Full-Text [PDF 29 kb]   (663 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Water Use Management
Received: 2016/06/10 | Accepted: 2017/04/24

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